Games played with curved sticks and a ball can be found in the histories of many cultures. In Egypt, 4000-year-old carvings show us teams with sticks and a projectile, then again to before 1272 BC in Ireland, and there is a depiction of the same from approximately 600 BC in Ancient Greece. In Inner Mongolia, has been playing beikou, a game similar to modern field hockey, for about 1,000 years.
The British Army has been credited with the spread of hockey throughout the world, but in Australia's case, the British Navy deserves the honours. In the late 1800s, the British Naval officers stationed in Australia taught the locals the game of hockey and laid the foundations for a sport which Australians have developed and mastered.
Hockey is now a term used to denote various types of both summer and winter team sports which originated on either an outdoor field, sheet of ice, or dry floor such as in a gymnasium.
There are many types of hockey. Some games make the use of skates, either wheeled, or bladed while others do not. In order to help make the distinction between these various games, the word "hockey" is often preceded by another word i.e. "field hockey", "ice hockey", "roller hockey", "rink hockey", or "floor hockey".
In each of these sports, two teams play against each other by trying to manoeuvre the object of play, either a type of ball or a disk (such as a puck), into the opponent's goal using a hockey stick.